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A person can be registered as an Australian citizen if one of their biological parents was an Australian citizen at the time of their birth. A person becomes a citizen on the date they are registered. A person must be registered as an Australian citizen before they apply for an Australian passport.

Applications for Citizenship by Conferral, Resumption and Renunciation of Australian Citizenship, or for a Certificate of Evidence of Australian Citizenship should be lodged directly with the Department of Home Affairs. Check our application options to become an Australian citizen page for details.

Applications for Citizenship by Descent

From 1 July 2017, applications for Citizenship by Descent will no longer be assessed by the office in Moscow.

People residing in the following countries must now lodge applications for Citizenship by Descent at the Australian High Commission in London:

  • Armenia
  • Belarus
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Moldova
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan

For information on how to make an application for citizenship by descent, please visit either or

Children of Australian Citizens by Descent

Please note if your parent became an Australian citizen by descent, he or she must have been present in Australia for periods totalling two years at some time in their life in order for the child to now be registered as an Australian citizen by descent.

Application Charge

The current application for the first application and any siblings whose application is lodged at the same time can be found by following the links here: Fees and Charges

Processing Times

From 13 March 2017, you will be able to view current global visa and citizenship processing times for most visa subclasses and citizenship types. To view current processing times, see the product page for the specific visa subclass or citizenship type you are applying for. You can navigate to any product from Individuals and Travellers or Visa Support. On the product page, two processing times will be displayed, indicating how long it takes to finalise 75 and 90 per cent of all applications submitted globally.

Processing times apply from the date your complete application is lodged.

You can also use the Visa Finder to compare processing times for up to three different products.

Please note that applications are assessed on a case-by-case basis, and that actual processing times may vary due to individual circumstances including:

  • whether the applicant has lodged a complete application including all necessary supporting documents
  • how promptly the applicant responds to any requests for additional information
  • how long it takes to perform required checks
  • how long it takes to receive additional information from external parties, particularly in relation to health, character, national security, and Assurance of Support requirements
  • the number of places available in the migration programme (for permanent migration visas)
  • surges in demand and peak periods

To ensure your application falls within the published processing times, we strongly encourage you to submit complete applications. The checklists provided on ImmiAccount will assist in making sure you have included all required documents during the application process.

Applying for an Australian Passport

Once citizenship has been granted, the person may apply for an Australian passport. Passports are processed through the Passports Section of the Australian Embassy, Moscow (not the Citizenship and Visa Section).

Australian citizens entering Australia should do so on an Australian passport. It is not possible for an Australian citizen to be granted an Australian visa even if that person is also a citizen of another country and wishes to travel on that country’s passport.

Can we send the citizenship certificate to the Passport Office?

Once an application for citizenship by descent has been finalised, we send the certificate by registered mail to the postal address listed on the application form. If you would like us to provide the citizenship certificate directly to the Passports Section, please advise us in writing (email is acceptable) when you submit your application.